Animal Aid

From Jungle to Jumble : Conditions attached to the licence

  1. Animals shall at all times be kept in accommodation that is adequate in construction, size, amenities and position in the premises.

  2. Where animals are kept in cages, hutches, boxes or other receptacles which are placed on top of other cages, hutches, boxes or other receptacles, effective means should be provided for preventing water, food or other droppings falling onto or contaminating the animals food or other surroundings which are underneath.

  3. Animals shall be adequately supplied with suitable food and drink and shall be visited at suitable intervals. All accommodation shall be cleaned daily or as often as is necessary.

  4. No mammal shall be sold unweaned or, if weaned at an age at which it should not have been weaned.

  5. No animal shall be displayed in a cage, hutch, box or other receptacle in such a position that it be interfered with by other animals or unauthorised persons.

  6. Animals shall not be displayed for sale outside the premises during unsuitable weather.

  7. All excreta and soiled bedding shall be stored in suitably covered metal or other impervious containers until removed from the premises as soon as practicable and disposed of to the satisfaction of this Council. All refuse containers shall be maintained in a clean condition.

  8. All necessary precautions shall be taken to prevent the introduction or harbourage of rodents, insects and any other pests to the premises.

  9. All animal food shall be stored in suitable covered metal or other impervious closed containers so that the quality of the food can be preserved. These containers should be of such design as to allow easy cleaning.

  10. Animals shall not be handed to customers in unsuitable containers.

  11. The licensee shall ensure that a responsible person shall at all times be in, or within, reasonable distance from the premises for the purpose of giving warning and taking other necessary steps in the event of fire or other emergency. In case of absence of the responsible resident, the licensee shall appoint a responsible person residing within a reasonable distance of the premises to have custody of a duplicate key. The name, address and telephone number of such persons shall be displayed in legible characters on the front door or window of the premises and shall be notified to the local fire brigade and police.

  12. Animals and stock shall not be placed or kept in or outside the shop so as to obstruct entrance to or exit from the shop in the case of fire or other emergency.

  13. Fire fighting equipment, including extinguishers, shall be provided as approved by the Chief Fire Officer and shall be sited as so directed by him. The licensee shall ensure that the fire appliances remain accessible and maintained in a good condition.

  14. No animal which is suffering from or could reasonably be suspected of having come into contact with any other animal suffering from, any infectious or contagious disease or which is infested with parasites shall be brought into or kept on the premises unless effectively isolated.

  15. The maximum numbers of animals permitted to be kept on the premises to which the licence refers are as set out above and shall not be exceeded.

  16. The numbers of animals, which may be kept on the premises, must be displayed on the premises.

  17. Animals should not be sold as pets in any part of the street or public place, or at a stall or barrow in a market.

  18. No animals shall be directly imported except by licensees who have satisfied the Local Authority as to their ability to quarantine or handle consignments of animals under suitable conditions.

  19. The licensee shall ensure that each exhibitor, trader and/or owner shall keep a register of animals, which must contain details of the species and the purchaser.

  20. Authorised representatives of the nominated animal welfare organisations and local authority shall be given immediate access to all animals/birds and relevant documentation upon request. If such access is denied, the licensee, exhibitor, trader and/or owner must withdraw the relevant animals/birds from display or sale with immediate effect.

  21. Animals should not be sold to children believed to be under the age of 12 years.

  22. The licensee shall be responsible for the welfare of all animals/birds within the confines of the licensed building for the duration of the event.

  23. All animals/birds shall be housed at least 0.61 metres (2 feet) above ground level.

  24. Before any exhibitor, trader and/or owner brings any animal/bird to the event he/she must agree by personally signing a copy of this licence, specifically to abide by the conditions of the said licence. The licensee shall retain a copy of this and ensure that is available at the premises for inspection by an authorised officer.

  25. No smoking shall be permitted in the premises.

  26. All exhibitors or traders must display their name and contact details at all times in an appropriate manner at the point of sale or display.

National Cage & Aviary Birds Exhibition, December 2003.

Contraventions to conditions attached to the licence

1. Animals shall at all times be kept in accommodation that is adequate in construction, size, amenities and position in the premises.

See Reference to Section 1(3)a) of Pet Animals Act 1951 in part 2.

The positioning of cages in the aisle would have subjected the birds to considerable levels of stress, as is indicated by their behaviour. These birds were not given the opportunity to retreat to the back of the cage to 'hide' and were therefore exposed from all angles.

An Animal Aid investigator was present at the D & G stall when a precariously positioned cage containing two birds was interfered with by a member of the public and then fell to the ground. The stall holder continued to attend to his sale, leaving a member of the public to re-stack the fallen cage.

2. Where animals are kept in cages, hutches, boxes or other receptacles which are placed on top of other cages, hutches, boxes or other receptacles, effective means should be provided for preventing water, food or other droppings falling onto or contaminating the animals food or other surroundings which are underneath.

Several contraventions were recorded, notably D&G Birds.

3. Animals shall be adequately supplied with suitable food and drink and shall be visited at suitable intervals. All accommodation shall be cleaned daily or as often as is necessary.

See Reference to Section 1(3)b) of Pet Animals Act 1951 in part 2.

5. No animal shall be displayed in a cage, hutch, box or other receptacle in such a position that it be interfered with by other animals or unauthorised persons.

Cages containing parrot species were routinely interfered with by members of the public. Some cages were positioned in such a way that cages could easily be knocked to the floor by members of the public - see reference to D&G Birds above.

10. Animals shall not be handed to customers in unsuitable containers.

Flimsy, crushable, cardboard boxes were routinely handed to customers to transport budgerigars, finches and other small birds.

On the Barker Birds stall, cartons containing live birds were stacked inside a plastic carrier bag, which exposed the birds to risk of suffocation.

14. No animal which is suffering from or could reasonably be suspected of having come into contact with any other animal suffering from, any infectious or contagious disease or which is infested with parasites shall be brought into or kept on the premises unless effectively isolated.

See Reference to Section 1(3)d) of Pet Animals Act 1951 in part 2.

Parrots awaiting packing on plane. Argentina, 1991.

17. Animals should not be sold as pets in any part of the street or public place, or at a stall or barrow in a market.

See part 1.

19. The licensee shall ensure that each exhibitor, trader and/or owner shall keep a register of animals, which must contain details of the species and the purchaser.

Whilst the inclusion of this condition is commendable, there was no evidence of its enforcement over the two days. Such a register would have been advantageous in the event of a disease outbreak, in birds or humans, or to trace illegally obtained wildlife.

Throughout the day, while observing transactions between buyers and sellers, none of the investigators noted such registers being filled out. Captured on film are many transactions carried without any details of the purchaser being taken.

23. All animals/birds shall be housed at least 0.61 metres (2 feet) above ground level.

This condition was flouted by numerous dealers including;

Alpha Pets - budgerigars, canaries, conures
Pegasus Birds Ltd - at one end of their stand
Sluis UK - had African grey parrots in bottom cages on Saturday
Phoenix Birds - empty on Sunday but had birds on Saturday
Mill Lane Aviaries - quail
Dave Campbell - various birds
Winterton Aviaries - various birds

National Cage & Aviary Birds Exhibition, December 2003.

25. No smoking shall be permitted in the premises.

Several people were noted smoking whilst walking around trade stalls, exhibition stalls and in the restaurant area. Tobacco smoke is detrimental to bird health and smoking also poses an unnecessary fire risk.

26. All exhibitors or traders must display their name and contact details at all times in an appropriate manner at the point of sale or display.

Not all traders were listed in the official catalogue and guide - eg. Sluis UK and D & G Birds (both listed on map but not Trade Stands listings) Ost Belgium (no listings under that name in catalogue, no name sign on stand could be seen), Safari Select not listed on map or trade stands list in catalogue.

Noticeable absences present at last year's event were;

Bruce Berry, New Forest Owl Sanctuary - last year had otters on display. Exposed in June 2003 on BBC's 'Inside Out' for conditions at 'sanctuary'/zoo and for alleged cruelty. He is now currently awaiting trial and has denied seven charges of theft, unlawful sale and unlawful release of birds, and falsifying documents.

Sanbob Aviaries - had stand last year. Was exposed on BBC's Worst Pet Shops for appalling conditions.

National Cage & Aviary Birds Exhibition, December 2003.

Click here for part 4 of the report, in which summarise the problems relating to animal welfare, public health and safety, and trading standards.

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