Shoot operators in England, Scotland and Wales – whose well-heeled clients can each pay more than £3,000 for a single day’s shooting – receive millions of pounds annually from the taxpayer1. The money is claimed for the maintenance and restoration of their shooting grounds.
Says Animal Aid Director Andrew Tyler
‘Animal suffering aside – and there is a great deal of it on Britain’s grouse moors – it is quite simply outrageous that, in an age of austerity in which we are supposedly “all in it together”, ordinary taxpayers are forced to subsidise millionaires at play. The Glorious Twelfth usually attracts benign, faintly amused media coverage. But grouse shooting is, in reality, a vicious indulgence that kills and maims large numbers of animals. It also damages a precious landscape. Only the very wealthiest can afford to shoot grouse, yet the very poorest are forced to help foot the bill.’
A major new report by Animal Aid, entitled Calling the Shots: the power and privilege of the grouse-shooting elite, gives the example of a shooting estate in the South Pennines owned by retail tycoon, Richard Bannister. Accused of environmentally damaging activities on his Walshaw Moor Estate by government agency Natural England (NE), Bannister faced 43 charges and a public inquiry. In March 2012, the action was unexpectedly dropped and, in a deal worked out between the two sides, the Walshaw Moor owner was awarded public subsidies worth £2.5m over 10 years, or £250,000 annually. That is about half the reported running costs of his shoot. The agreement allowed Bannister to keep and maintain all his ‘unconsented’ car parks, tracks and grouse butts – many of which were the subject of NE’s intended prosecution. Bannister also claimed, in 2012, Common Agricultural Policy subsidies of more than £45,000. In addition, he is receiving ‘staged payments’ – the details of which are being kept secret – because his original contract with NE was terminated and a new one signed.
Natural England and its Scottish and Welsh equivalents dispense the shoot-related subsidies on the basis that sound management of moorlands will result. Yet some of the agreements they sign with the shoot operators permit burning on environmentally precious deep peatlands that, in their undamaged state, remove harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere before storing them. The burning is carried out to promote the growth of heather on which the grouse feed2. Burning on these ‘blanket bogs’ means that climate-changing carbon is released rather than stored.
Calling the Shots calculates that the amount of carbon emitted each year as a result of burning on English grouse moors is the equivalent of that discharged annually by 88,000 average cars. The figure can probably be doubled when burning on Scottish grouse moors is taken into account. As well as extreme land management programmes, many grouse moor operators boost the number of birds for shooting by killing foxes, stoats, crows, weasels and other moorland wildlife judged to interfere with the profitability or smooth running of a shoot.
Calling the Shots describes how target animals are crushed in spring traps, snared with wire nooses or lured into cages and shot. In addition, protected birds of prey, including peregrine falcons and hen harriers, have been illegally killed by some gamekeepers, using poison, such as the banned pesticide carbofuran. Richard Benyon, who until October 7 was the Government minister for the natural environment, and who is himself the owner of a grouse moor, refused to make possession of carbofuran an offence.
Notes to Editors
- The two principal sources of public money are what are known as the Single Payment Scheme and the Environmental Stewardship (ES) programme. Assessing precisely what shoot operators receive via these two routes is virtually impossible because the payment agencies do not keep sufficiently detailed records. However, in response to an Animal Aid Freedom of Information request, Natural England acknowledged that, in the financial year 2012-13, ES subsidies paid out in relation to land in England on which grouse shooting takes place totalled £17,308,297. This is up from just £89,848 in 2008-09. The massive increase is explained, claims NE, by the tap being turned off on other schemes and the money being rechannelled via ES. In fact, given that Scotland operates a programme equivalent to ES, and has more grouse moors occupying more land, the £17.3m can probably be doubled. In addition, research undertaken by a national newspaper journalist (unpublished as this report goes to press) indicates that a further roughly £20m is paid out, in relation to England alone, through the Single Payment Scheme. An unknown proportion of the money from both these subsidy programmes goes to moorland graziers, who are often tenants of the shoot operators.
- Blanket peat is where special plants like Cotton grass, Sphagnum mosses and the insectivorous Sundew thrive. Heather does not flourish in this wet habitat, but it has been routinely drained and burned to encourage heather, and – with it – more grouse.
Around 500,000 grouse are shot each year during the four-month shooting season, which starts on August 12.
For full background and interviews, contact Andrew Tyler on 01732 364546.